Learning is at the heart of AgResults

Learning from AgResults

AgResults learning takes two forms:

  1. Learning generated from the experience of AgResults in designing and implementing projects.
  2. Learning generated from the External Evaluator in its independent ongoing review of AgResults projects.

Since 2013, AgResults has developed a variety of knowledge products, which can be found in the Learning Library below.

Learning Library

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Evaluator’s Sustainability Assessment: Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project

May 23, 2023

Two years’ after the project’s conclusion, Evaluators found that several companies and many farmers were continuing to use (with some adaptation) rice production systems that had been introduced by companies during the competition. Farmers were more likely to use those systems if they received continuing support from the company and if water management systems were reliable.

EvaluatorLearning LibraryVietnam Emissions

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Evaluator’s Gender Assessment: Tanzania Dairy Productivity Project Popular

This assessment, conducted during project implementation, found significant diversity in the roles men and women play in households’ dairy activities, with female farmers often less well positioned than males to achieve and benefit from dairy intensification. While the project’s design offsets some risk of negative outcomes to women, payment-for-results projects have limited leeway to promote gender equity.

EvaluatorLearning LibraryTanzania Dairy

Lessons Learned Article: Pay for Results’ Role in Transforming Tanzania’s Dairy Input Supplier Model

February 16, 2023

The AgResults Tanzania Dairy Challenge Project was established to incentivize private sector input suppliers to raise awareness and educate smallholder farmers on the value of adopting productivity-increasing input bundles to enhance production and strengthen dairy-based livelihoods. This Lessons Learned article explores how the project has already made an impactful shift in the dairy input supplier model and market, strengthening SHF’s demand for improved inputs.

Learning LibraryTanzania Dairy

Lessons Learned Article: The Post-Project PVA Maize Market in Zambia

October 14, 2022

From 2014-2018, the AgResults Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project tried to tackle Vitamin A deficiency by increasing the awareness around and consumption of biofortified, pro-Vitamin A (PVA) maize. This Lessons Learned article explores the post-project PVA maize market in Zambia, looking at changes in PVA maize seed production, public and private sector demand, and broader shifts in consumption patterns.

Zambia PVA Maize

Senegal Crop Storage Finance Process Tracing Evaluation – Baseline

October 6, 2022

This report from External Evaluator IDinsight documents findings from the baseline Process Tracing evaluation of the AgResults Senegal Crop Storage Finance Challenge Project. The purpose of the baseline Process Tracing evaluation was to assess the state of the storage finance market during early stages of the project and assess if the preconditions are in place for the project to have its intended impact.

EvaluatorSenegal Crop Storage Finance

Evaluator Lessons Learned 8: Impact Evaluation Methods Popular

October 4, 2022

This brief by External Evaluator Abt Associates discusses quantitative methods for conducting impact assessments of smallholder farmer benefits from donor-devised interventions that stimulate private sector engagement in markets for technologies benefiting the farmers. The brief presents three AgResults Pay-for-Results competitions as examples and offers seven lessons for evaluators.

EvaluatorKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeVietnam Emissions

One-Pager: Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project

February 14, 2022

This one-pager summarizes results and lessons learned from the Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project, which used a Pay-for-Results prize competition structure to incentivize private sector competitors to test and scale technology packages among smallholder rice farmers in Thai Binh Province. Over four seasons, four competitors reached 37,596 different smallholder farmers across 507 villages.

Vietnam Emissions

Evaluation Final Report: Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project

January 28, 2022

This evaluation final report by Abt Associates shows that Pay-for-Results spurred private sector development and dissemination of emissions-reducing, yield-enhancing technology packages among smallholder farmers in Vietnam. A 2100-farmer survey showed that AgResults farmers achieved 14 percent higher yields than comparison farmers and used practices associated with lower emissions. However, project measurements of emissions were uncertain, so evaluators could not determine emissions impact. Future projects should pay attention to reliability of field-based emissions measurements.

EvaluatorVietnam Emissions

Evaluator Lessons Learned 7: Vietnam GHG Emissions Evaluation Findings

January 27, 2022

This brief summarizes the final evaluation report of the Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project, showing that PfR can spur the private sector to develop and disseminate emissions-reducing technology packages for smallholder farmers. AgResults farmers achieved 14 percent higher yields than comparison farmers and were more likely to use practices associated with lower GHG emissions. The project’s main challenge was obtaining reliable measurements of emissions.

EvaluatorVietnam Emissions

Final Report: Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project

November 15, 2021

In Vietnam, rice is a critical crop for income and food security. However, current production practices can lead to high rates of unwanted greenhouse gases (GHG) that contribute heavily to climate change. The AgResults Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project (2016-2021) used a Pay-for-Results (PfR) prize competition to encourage the private sector in Thai Binh to test, develop, and scale improved technology packages among smallholder rice farmers. Over four growing seasons, four competitors engaged more than 25,000 farmers, increasing yields by 4-14% and incomes by 10-15%.

Vietnam Emissions

Design Brief #5: Verification and Project Management

July 21, 2021

This brief, the fifth and final in the series, provides an overview of the fifth phase of AgResults’ approach to Pay-for-Results prize competition design. It explains how program designers can develop a thorough verification plan to evaluate competitors’ results and determine prize payments. It also summarizes the activities involved in project management of a prize competition.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Design Brief #4: Right-Sizing Prizes

July 9, 2021

This brief, the fourth in a series of five, provides an overview of the fourth phase of AgResults’ approach to Pay-for-Results prize competition design. It explains how program designers can determine the size of the prize purse to effectively drive participation and innovation without overpaying for results.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Design Brief #3: Structuring Prizes

June 25, 2021

This brief, the third in a series of five, provides an overview of the third phase of AgResults’ approach to Pay-for-Results prize competition design. It explains how program designers can create the set of parameters and rules that determines who competes, how to win the prize(s), and the implementation timeline.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Design Brief #2: Analyzing Feasibility

June 16, 2021

This brief, the second in a series of five, provides an overview of the second phase of AgResults’ approach to Pay-for-Results prize competition design. It explains how program designers conduct deeper research on relevant market systems to articulate a Theory of Change for the competition and to reasonably estimate the project’s impacts.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Design Brief #1: Concept Sourcing

May 24, 2021

The first in a series of five, this brief provides an overview of concept sourcing, the first phase of AgResults’ Pay-for-Results prize competition design process. It shows how program designers begin the process by brainstorming and assessing potential development challenges to see if a prize competition is best suited to address the identified problem.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Design: Tanzania Dairy Productivity Challenge Project

May 17, 2021

The evaluation design for the Tanzania Dairy Productivity Challenge Project by Abt Associates lays out a mixed-methods approach. To assess impact on dairy producers, the evaluator will use a quasi-experimental design to gauge technology adoption and subsequent impacts on income and consumption. The approach will use a structure, conduct, performance framework to assess market impact.

EvaluatorTanzania Dairy

Summary of Evaluator Findings and Lessons from AgResults Prize Competitions: 2013-2020

May 11, 2021

This report by External Evaluator Abt Associates summarizes independent evaluation findings from competitions in Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia and offers guidance for future prize sponsors. It provides evidence that Pay-for-Results (PfR) competitions can spur development of markets for technologies benefitting smallholder farmers. It also offers guidance on how to determine whether PfR is an appropriate design option and how to maximize farmer benefits.

EvaluatorKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeUganda LegumesZambia PVA Maize

Sustainability Assessment: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

May 7, 2021

This sustainability assessment by External Evaluator Abt Associates looking at the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project affirms that Pay-for-Results projects can catalyze development of a smallholder- and gender-inclusive, sustainable market for beneficial agricultural technologies. Since the project ended, there have been new entrants to the market, ongoing product innovation, and a 250% increase in sales of on-farm storage products attributable to AgResults.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

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Impactful Design: AgResults’ Pay-for-Results Prize Competition Toolkit

February 19, 2021

This toolkit is a practical guide for agricultural development practitioners who are interested in using Pay-for-Results prize competitions to stimulate new markets for agricultural technologies and engage the private sector for scale-up. It draws upon the experience of AgResults, which has designed and implemented prize competitions around the world since 2013.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineIndonesia AquacultureKenya StorageNigeria AflasafePrize DesignTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Design: FMD Vaccine Challenge Project

January 19, 2021

The evaluation design for the Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Vaccine Challenge Project, by IDinsight, lays out a mixed-methods approach relying primarily on qualitative process-tracing techniques. The document highlights the role of data collected from potential vaccine manufacturers, buyers, policymakers, and others to explore how the project impacts the development and uptake of FMD vaccines in Eastern Africa.

EvaluatorFMD Vaccine

Evaluator Lessons Learned #6: Zambia Biofortified Maize Evaluation Findings

January 4, 2021

This brief summarizes the close-out assessment of the Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project. External Evaluator Abt Associates found that the competition helped develop a niche market for Pro-Vitamin A maize, although Vitamin A-deficient populations were a small portion of those who consumed the maize. The brief underscores the importance of directly targeting intended beneficiaries in project design.

EvaluatorZambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Close-Out Assessment: Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project

This assessment by External Evaluator Abt Associates, updated in December 2020, found that the AgResults project played a role in creating a niche market for PVA maize, although with limited development impact because the market involved mostly better-off smallholder farmers and urban consumers. Findings suggested that the market would likely be sustained in the short to medium term.

Zambia PVA Maize

Evaluation End-of-Project Update: Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project

November 21, 2020

Evaluator Abt Associates revisited the Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project at its conclusion, two years after the comprehensive mixed-methods assessment. They found that private sector involvement in the Aflasafe-treated maize market had increased despite reduction in the AgResults incentive, but that the Aflasafe-treated maize market’s sustainability was uncertain given general maize market instability and delayed implementation of aflatoxin-related policies.

EvaluatorNigeria Aflasafe

Evaluation Final Report: Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project

November 18, 2020

The Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project evaluation (published in February 2019, end-of-project update added November 2020) found that the project succeeded in creating a niche market for Aflasafe-treated maize. Aflasafe adoption increased by 56 percentage points, and average net income from maize increased by 16 percent. The sustainability of the market is uncertain.

EvaluatorNigeria Aflasafe

Evaluation Design: Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project

November 11, 2020

The evaluation design for the Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project, by Abt Associates, lays out a mixed methods approach, including a randomized control design. The document highlights the role of interviews, surveys, and farmer diaries to explore the effect of the Vietnam project on the market for emissions-reducing technologies and to estimate impacts on farmers’ knowledge, attitude, practices, and incomes.

EvaluatorVietnam Emissions

Evaluator Lessons Learned #3: Nigeria Aflasafe Project Evaluation Findings

November 1, 2020

This brief, updated in November 2020, summarizes evaluation findings for the Nigeria project. External Evaluator Abt Associates found that AgResults helped create a niche market for Aflasafe-treated maize and an increase in farmers’ uptake of Aflasafe and net maize income. Market sustainability is uncertain due to unstable market conditions and delays in implementation of aflatoxin-related policies.

EvaluatorNigeria Aflasafe

Evaluation: Vietnam Challenge Project RCT Adherence Report

October 7, 2020

Abt Associates’ evaluation design of the Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project envisions a randomized control design. This report assesses the success of the initial randomization and confirms that competitors adhered to rules respecting communes set aside for control; it also confirms similarities between control and treatment groups at baseline.

EvaluatorVietnam Emissions

Evaluator Lessons Learned #5: Incorporating a Gender Lens into Challenge Projects

This brief by External Evaluator Abt Associates explores how Pay-for-Results (PfR) projects could potentially perpetuate disadvantages that women face in agricultural market systems and suggests project design approaches to improve gender outcomes. It also presents results from AgResults’ Kenya PfR project that led to unique benefits for women.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

Takeaways from Seven Years of Using Prize Competitions to Transform Markets

September 14, 2020

Since 2013, AgResults has been designing and implementing agricultural prize competitions to encourage the private sector to "solve" a market failure and work toward a defined goal to receive a monetary award. In this cross-cutting learning document, AgResults presents 12 key takeaways based on its experience with prize concept design and sourcing; launch and marketing; and running a prize competition.

Brucellosis (Global)FMD VaccineKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeTanzania DairyUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

Final Report: Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project

August 26, 2020

More than 4.5 billion people in developing countries are exposed to aflatoxins, one of the world’s most carcinogenic substances, through their diets. Yet a biocontrol solution exists: AflasafeTM. The AgResults Nigeria AflasafeTM Challenge Project (2013-2019) used a Pay-for-Results (PfR) prize competition to motivate the private sector to overcome critical barriers preventing widespread adoption of AflasafeTM among Nigerian smallholder farmers working in the maize sector. Over six years, the competition engaged 41 competitors to reach 75,788 farmers, producing more than 315,000MT of AflasafeTM-treated maize.

EvaluatorNigeria Aflasafe

Evaluation Baseline Report: Brucellosis Vaccine Challenge Project

August 14, 2020

This baseline report by External Evaluator Abt Associates describes the Brucellosis vaccine landscape at baseline. Evaluators found that the vaccine market is weak and no new vaccines to control Brucellosis have been developed in recent years. Evaluators also found that the Milestone 1 prize seemed to incentivize some new entities to initiate Brucellosis vaccine R&D.

Brucellosis (Global)Evaluator

Evaluator Lessons Learned #4: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Evaluation Findings

July 10, 2020

This brief by External Evaluator Abt Associates summarizes the evaluation of the AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project. Abt Associates found that the competition created an emerging market for improved on-farm storage devices and increased adoption of on-farm storage technologies. However, impacts on farmer income were small. The brief underscores the challenge of constructing an accurate theory of change.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

Can Pull Mechanisms Achieve Agriculture Development Objectives? Evidence from AgResults External Evaluation

June 5, 2020

This DFID Chief Economist Seminar Series presentation from February 2020 summarizes External Evaluator Abt Associates' findings about the use of “pull mechanisms” or “prize competitions” to develop markets that provide innovative agricultural technologies to smallholder farmers. Findings suggest that pull mechanisms can create markets as long as the binding constraints inhibiting market development are within the manageable interest of the companies competing for the prize.

EvaluatorKenya StorageNigeria AflasafeUganda LegumesZambia PVA Maize

Brucellosis Vaccine Challenge Project: 2019 Interim Assessment

May 15, 2020

This assessment by External Evaluator Abt Associates reflects the experience of competitors in the Brucellosis Vaccine Challenge Project from mid-2018 to mid-2019. Most competitors reported that the competition had helped advance their B. melitensis vaccine R&D. However, many of them anticipated challenges completing the safety and efficacy trials due to resource constraints.

Brucellosis (Global)Evaluator

Evaluation Final Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

April 30, 2020

The external evaluation of the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project found that the project created an emerging market for improved on-farm storage products in Kenya. Impacts on farmer income and food security were small, and the main reported benefit of adoption was reduced use of pesticide dust in maize stored for home consumption.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

Final Report: Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project

January 2, 2020

Despite the nutritional and environmental benefits of legumes, Ugandan seed companies have not prioritized legume seed production due to fluctuations in demand, low profitability, and limited access to working capital. The AgResults Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project, which ran from 2017-2018, used a Pay-for-Results prize competition to encourage Ugandan seed companies to increase the production and adoption of improved higher-quality legume varieties. Despite the project’s early closure due to ongoing seed counterfeiting, low participation in the competition, and challenges of seed quality verification, it still revealed valuable learning around what works and what does not work when designing and implementing a prize competition focused on increasing sales of quality seed.

Uganda Legumes

Final Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

October 24, 2019

Eastern Africa grows nearly 20% of the grain produced in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the region suffers from post-harvest grain losses that cost about US$1.6 billion per year. The AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project (2014-2018) used a Pay-for-Results prize competition to motivate private competitors to develop, market, and sell on-farm storage devices to smallholder farmers in the country's Rift Valley and Eastern Regions. Overall, participating competitors sold a total of 1,390,777 improved storage devices, creating 413,265 MT of improved storage capacity.

Kenya Storage

Presentation: Prize Competitions to Drive Livestock Productivity

September 15, 2019

This presentation from the 2019 Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (GASL) Multi-Stakeholder Partnership (MSP) meeting introduces AgResults' framework, which uses prize competitions to encourage the private sector to overcome market challenges. The World Bank and AgResults Secretariat share lessons from designing and implementing competitions to strengthen livestock health and productivity: a global Brucellosis vaccine competition, a vaccine competition to address Foot and Mouth Disease in Eastern Africa, and a Tanzania-based competition to boost dairy productivity.

Brucellosis (Global)Learning Library

Final Report: Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project

August 18, 2019

In Zambia, approximately 31% of children and 21% of women are affected by Vitamin A deficiency. The Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project (2014-2018) used a Pay-for-Results (PfR) prize structure to incentivize commercial millers to source, produce, and market Pro-Vitamin A (PVA) maize meal and boost consumer demand to increase PVA maize consumption. Although the project closed early due to the lack of market response and ongoing enabling environment challenges, it still resulted in rich learning around what works and does not work when designign and implementing PfR prize competitions.

Zambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Design: Brucellosis Vaccine Challenge Project

August 1, 2019

The evaluationdesign for the Brucellosis Vaccine Challenge Project lays out the approach to assessing the project's influence in stimulating the development of an improved Brucella melitensis vaccine. Evaluators used a qualitative assessment and counterfactual disease study to examine technology development and used cost-effectiveness simulations as well.

Brucellosis (Global)Evaluator

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AgResults Toolkit Prize Concept Review Framework

July 11, 2019

The AgResults Prize Concept Review Framework assesses concepts for validity as a prize competition. The framework comprises four key questions on the (a) market failure, (b) missions impact, (c) prize design, and (d) enabling environment.

Brucellosis (Global)Kenya StorageNigeria AflasafeUganda LegumesVietnam EmissionsZambia PVA Maize

The Kenya On-Farm Storage Pay-for-Results Contest: Competitor Responses and Perspectives

March 28, 2019

Which factors empowered private sector companies to develop, market, and sell on-farm storage devices to smallholders in Kenya? Which factors hindered others' success? This Lessons Learned article explores the perspectives of those competitors who participated in the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project.

Kenya Storage

The Nigeria Aflasafe Maize Challenge: Competitor Perspectives

December 13, 2018

What were some of the challenges and opportunities that arose among the private sector companies that participated in the Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project? This Lessons Learned article shares insights that emerged from discussing competitors' experiences and perspectives.

Nigeria Aflasafe

Helping Vietnam Meet Its NDCs through an Agricultural Competition

December 11, 2018

This presentation for COP24 highlights the AgResults Vietnam Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Challenge Project, specifically efforts of private sector participants to scale up improved technologies to help farmers increase rice yields while decreasing GHG emissions. The project aims to reach 20,000 smallholder farmer households across the Thai Binh province in the Red River Delta.

Vietnam Emissions

AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project: Summary Report

December 3, 2018

Written by Tanager, the Project Manager for the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project, this report summarizes the objectives, approach, and achievements of the project, which aimed to encourage sales of on-farm grain storage devices to smallholder farmers.

Kenya Storage

USAID BFS Evaluating Pull Mechanisms, Initial Lessons

November 22, 2018

This presentation includes an overview of AgResults pull mechanisms, the evaluation framework for the external evaluation and initial lessons learned. The authors are Tulika Narayan and Denise Mainville of Abt Associates and Denise Mainville Consulting.

Evaluator

Vietnam GHG Emissions Reduction Challenge Project: IRRI Congress 2018

October 15, 2018

In this presentation for the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Congress 2018, Dr. Tran Thu Ha illustrates key features of the most effective technology packages developed by competitors in the Vietnam Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Challenge Project.

Vietnam Emissions

Remote Sensing and Modeling to Verify Improved Rice Farming to Scale in Vietnam

In this presentation for the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Congress 2018, Dr. William Salas explores the role that remote sensing and modeling technologies have played to gather critical data on the efficacy of different rice growing practices.

Vietnam Emissions

Incentivizing Affordable On Farm Storage for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

September 26, 2018

This presentation from the Scaling Up Conference at Purdue University in September 2018 explores how private sector companies participating in the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project employed different tactics to increase smallholder farmers' access to and use of on-farm storage devices.

Kenya Storage

Evaluation Baseline Report: Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project

August 1, 2018

This report presents baseline evaluation results for the Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project, which was terminated early. It includes findings from a survey of 1,800 smallholders, in-depth interviews with a subset of farmers, and seed quality assessment results using seed from 300 farmers who reported using quality seed.

EvaluatorUganda Legumes

Cost versus Complexity in Pay-for-Results Prize Verification: Lessons from the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

March 1, 2018

How do you design an effective approach to project verification in a Pay-for-Results project? This Lessons Learned article explains how the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project ran into challenges with its original verification structure and course-corrected using survey data.

Kenya Storage

Addressing Neglected Animal Diseases through Pay-for-Results Incentives: Lessons from Marketing a Global Brucellosis Vaccine Competition

February 1, 2018

This Lessons Learned article explores the experience of AgResults during the Brucellosis Challenge design, launch, and Year 1 implementation phases.

Brucellosis (Global)

Results and Observations from the Vietnam Challenge Project’s First Cropping Season

January 19, 2018

This Lessons Learned Brief provides an overview of the verification process followed to gauge rice crop growth and GHG emission data among farms participating in the Vietnam Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Challenge Project.

Vietnam Emissions

Kenya Randomized Rural Household Survey Final Report

January 15, 2018

This report from January 2018 presents the findings from a Randomized Rural Household Survey (RRHS) conducted in 14 counties of Kenya as part of the AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project. The RRHS aimed to understand the proportion of smallholder farmers living in those 14 counties where the project worked and to estimate the number of on-farm storage devices purchased by those farmers.

Kenya Storage

The Pay-for-Results Challenge in Nigeria: Incentivizing New Technology Use for Sustainable Markets and Development Impact

January 2, 2018

The Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project was the first AgResults Pay-for-Results prize contest. This Lessons Learned article outlines the project's development objectives and reflects on the role and value of the PfR structure.

Nigeria Aflasafe

Evaluator Lessons Learned #2: Pull Mechanisms for Overcoming Market Failures in the Agriculture Sector

November 1, 2017

Pull mechanisms require a solid understanding of the market and the motivations of the private sector. This November 2017 brief, with examples from AgResults’ work in Kenya, provides guidance for development practitioners interested in incorporating pull mechanisms in their own work.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

The Case for Iterative Design: Lessons from the Uganda Improved Legume Seed Challenge Project

September 1, 2017

Shifting policies and political objectives prompted AgResults to adjust the original design of the Uganda Improved Legume Seed Challenge Project. This Lessons Learned article explores the reasoning behind these design changes and the insights that emerged.

Uganda Legumes

Learning Brief #1: The GHG Emissions Reduction Project in Vietnam: Challenges in Defining a Verification Baseline

This Learning Brief discusses the challenges in creating a verification baseline for the Vietnam Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Challenge Project, which aims to develop, test, and scale up innovations to reduce GHG emissions while increase rice yields in the Red River Delta. The brief reviews the approach to set this baseline, involving household surveys, analysis, and stakeholder buy-in.

Vietnam Emissions

Adaptive Design in Zambia: Lessons from the Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project

This Lessons Learned article analyzes initial project design decisions and the adaptation that followed as part of the AgResults Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project. As challenges emerged - including a disconnect between supply and demand, variations in government policy, and an unrealistic incentive structure - the project had to adjust to get into a better position to achieve its objectives and sales goals.

Zambia PVA Maize

A Framework for Evaluating Innovation Challenges

March 1, 2017

Governments and philanthropists are increasingly considering prize contests to spark creative solutions to thorny social problems. But only a few contests have been systematically evaluated. This March 2017 evaluation framework — based on AgResults’ work to evaluate Brucellosis vaccine development — can be applied to any innovation challenge.

Evaluator

Evaluation Design: Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project

February 7, 2017

The Uganda Legume Seed Challenge Project’s evaluation design envisions a performance evaluation using a pre-post design to assess project success in creating a smallholder-inclusive market for quality legume seed. It uses a structure-conduct-performance framework to assess market impact and a baseline-endline comparison of smallholder farmer survey data to understand smallholder benefits.

EvaluatorUganda Legumes

Evaluation Baseline Report: Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project

April 4, 2016

The baseline report for the Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project evaluation uses data from 212 interviews of maize market actors (including smallholders, rural non-farming residents, retailers, and millers), as well as 1,013 interviews with urban shoppers. It presents findings about market actors’ and consumers’ awareness, production, purchase, and consumption of pro-Vitamin A maize.

EvaluatorZambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Design: Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project

July 13, 2015

The evaluation design for the Zambia Biofortified Maize Challenge Project presents how evaluators will assess whether the project motivates industrial maize millers to invest in and drive expansion of the pro-Vitamin A maize market. The report presents the structure-conduct-performance framework, pre-post comparison design, and data collection methods (qualitative interviews; quantitative survey of low-income urban consumers).

EvaluatorZambia PVA Maize

Evaluation Baseline Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

April 20, 2015

This report presents baseline findings for the Kenya On Farm Storage Challenge Project based on survey data from 4,765 farming households and extensive qualitative data. It describes low uptake of improved on-farm storage at baseline but identifies latent demand in the market. The report also describes farmers’ maize revenue and food security.

EvaluatorKenya Storage

Evaluation Design: Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project

December 30, 2014

The evaluation design for the Nigeria Aflasafe Challenge Project lays out the approach to assess the project’s influence in stimulating a smallholder-inclusive market for Aflasafe-treated maize. Evaluators assess market impact using a structure-conduct-performance framework. To evaluate smallholder benefits, the design proposes a randomized control trial (later adapted to a quasi-experimental design).

EvaluatorNigeria Aflasafe

Evaluation Design: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

June 27, 2014

The Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project’s evaluation design report lays out the approach to assess whether the project stimulates a smallholder-inclusive market for improved on-farm storage devices. Evaluators assess impact on the market using a structure-conduct-performance framework. To evaluate resulting smallholder benefits, the report describes a short interrupted time series design.

EvaluatorKenya Storage