Learning from AgResults

AgResults learning takes two forms:

  1. Learning generated from the experience of AgResults in designing and implementing projects;
  2. Learning generated from the External Evaluator in its independent ongoing review of AgResults projects.

Since 2013, AgResults has developed a variety of knowledge products, which can be found in the Learning Library below. The library is searchable by keyword and by a specific AgResults project, using the "All Tags" drop-down box.

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Learning Library

pdf Sustainability Assessment: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 8 downloads

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Sustainability Assessment AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project_March 2021.pdf

This sustainability assessment by External Evaluator Abt Associates looking at the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project affirms that Pay-for-Results projects can catalyze development of a smallholder- and gender-inclusive, sustainable market for beneficial agricultural technologies. Since the project ended, there have been new entrants to the market, ongoing product innovation, and a 250% increase in sales of on-farm storage products attributable to AgResults.

pdf Summary of Evaluator Findings and Lessons from AgResults Prize Competitions: 2013-2020

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage, Nigeria Aflasafe, Uganda Legumes, Zambia PVA Maize 5 downloads

Download (pdf, 985 KB)

Summary of Evaluator Findings and Lessons from AgResults Prize Competitions 2013-2020.pdf

This report by External Evaluator Abt Associates summarizes independent evaluation findings from competitions in Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia and offers guidance for future prize sponsors. It provides evidence that Pay-for-Results (PfR) competitions can spur development of markets for technologies benefitting smallholder farmers. It also offers guidance on how to determine whether PfR is an appropriate design option and how to maximize farmer benefits.

pdf Impactful Design: AgResults' Pay-for-Results Prize Competition Toolkit Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Brucellosis (Global), FMD Vaccine, Indonesia Aquaculture, Kenya Storage, Nigeria Aflasafe, Tanzania Dairy, Uganda Legumes, Vietnam Emissions, Zambia PVA Maize 783 downloads

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Impactful Design - AgResults Pay-for-Results Prize Competition Toolkit.pdf

Impactful Design: AgResults' Pay-for-Results Prize Competition Toolkit

This toolkit is a practical guide for agricultural development practitioners who are interested in using Pay-for-Results prize competitions to stimulate new markets for agricultural technologies and engage the private sector for scale-up. It draws upon the experience of AgResults, which has designed and implemented prize competitions around the world since 2013.

pdf Evaluator Lessons Learned #5: Incorporating a Gender Lens into Challenge Projects Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 215 downloads

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Evaluator Lessons Learned 5_Incorporating a Gender Lens into Challenge Projects_updated.pdf

This brief by External Evaluator Abt Associates explores how Pay-for-Results (PfR) projects could potentially perpetuate disadvantages that women face in agricultural market systems and suggests project design approaches to improve gender outcomes. It also presents results from AgResults’ Kenya PfR project that led to unique benefits for women.

pdf Takeaways from Seven Years of Using Prize Competitions to Transform Markets Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Brucellosis (Global), FMD Vaccine, Kenya Storage, Nigeria Aflasafe, Tanzania Dairy, Uganda Legumes, Vietnam Emissions, Zambia PVA Maize 513 downloads

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AgResults Takeaways from Seven Years of Using Prize Competitions to Transform Markets.pdf

Since 2013, AgResults has been designing and implementing agricultural prize competitions to encourage the private sector to "solve" a market failure and work toward a defined goal to receive a monetary award. In this cross-cutting learning document, AgResults presents 12 key takeaways based on its experience with prize concept design and sourcing; launch and marketing; and running a prize competition.

pdf Evaluator Lessons Learned #4: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Evaluation Findings Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 319 downloads

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Evaluator Lessons Learned 4_Kenya On-Farm Storage Project Evaluation Findings.pdf

This brief by External Evaluator Abt Associates summarizes the evaluation of the AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project. Abt Associates found that the competition created an emerging market for improved on-farm storage devices and increased adoption of on-farm storage technologies. However, impacts on farmer income were small. The brief underscores the challenge of constructing an accurate theory of change.

pdf Can Pull Mechanisms Achieve Agriculture Development Objectives? Evidence from AgResults External Evaluation Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage, Nigeria Aflasafe, Uganda Legumes, Zambia PVA Maize 338 downloads

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AgResults External Evaluation Presentation_February 2020.pdf

This DFID Chief Economist Seminar Series presentation from February 2020 summarizes External Evaluator Abt Associates' findings about the use of “pull mechanisms” or “prize competitions” to develop markets that provide innovative agricultural technologies to smallholder farmers. Findings suggest that pull mechanisms can create markets as long as the binding constraints inhibiting market development are within the manageable interest of the companies competing for the prize.

pdf Final Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 1184 downloads

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AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project_final report.pdf

Final Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

Eastern Africa grows nearly 20% of the grain produced in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the region suffers from post-harvest grain losses that cost about US$1.6 billion per year. The AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project (2014-2018) used a Pay-for-Results prize competition to motivate private competitors to develop, market, and sell on-farm storage devices to smallholder farmers in the country's Rift Valley and Eastern Regions. Overall, participating competitors sold a total of 1,390,777 improved storage devices, creating 413,265 MT of improved storage capacity.

pdf Evaluation Final Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 800 downloads

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Final Evaluation Report_Kenya_2020.pdf

The external evaluation of the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project found that the project created an emerging market for improved on-farm storage products in Kenya. Impacts on farmer income and food security were small, and the main reported benefit of adoption was reduced use of pesticide dust in maize stored for home consumption.

document AgResults Toolkit Prize Concept Review Framework Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Brucellosis (Global), Kenya Storage, Nigeria Aflasafe, Uganda Legumes, Vietnam Emissions, Zambia PVA Maize 501 downloads

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AgResults Toolkit_PrizeConceptReviewFramework.pptx

AgResults Toolkit Prize Concept Review Framework

The AgResults Prize Concept Review Framework assesses concepts for validity as a prize competition. The framework comprises four key questions on the (a) market failure, (b) missions impact, (c) prize design, and (d) enabling environment. 

pdf The Kenya On-Farm Storage Pay-for-Results Contest: Competitor Responses and Perspectives Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 859 downloads

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AgResults LL7_Kenya Competitors_Mar2019.pdf

The Kenya On-Farm Storage Pay-for-Results Contest: Competitor Responses and Perspectives

Which factors empowered private sector companies to develop, market, and sell on-farm storage devices to smallholders in Kenya? Which factors hindered others' success? This Lessons Learned article explores the perspectives of those competitors who participated in the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project.

pdf AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project: Summary Report Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 766 downloads

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AgResults Kenya Project Summary Report_Final.pdf

AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project: Summary Report

Written by Tanager, the Project Manager for the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project, this report summarizes the objectives, approach, and achievements of the project, which aimed to encourage sales of on-farm grain storage devices to smallholder farmers.

pdf Incentivizing Affordable On Farm Storage for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 574 downloads

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Incentivizing Affordable On-Farm Storage for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya.pdf

Incentivizing Affordable On Farm Storage for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

This presentation from the Scaling Up Conference at Purdue University in September 2018 explores how private sector companies participating in the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project employed different tactics to increase smallholder farmers' access to and use of on-farm storage devices.

pdf Cost versus Complexity in Pay-for-Results Prize Verification: Lessons from the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 491 downloads

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AgResults LL5_Kenya Verification_Mar2018.pdf

Cost versus Complexity in Pay-for-Results Prize Verification: Lessons from the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

How do you design an effective approach to project verification in a Pay-for-Results project? This Lessons Learned article explains how the Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project ran into challenges with its original verification structure and course-corrected using survey data.

pdf Kenya Randomized Rural Household Survey Final Report Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Kenya Storage 957 downloads

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AgResults Kenya RRHS Final Report.pdf

Kenya Randomized Rural Household Survey Final Report

This report from January 2018 presents the findings from a Randomized Rural Household Survey (RRHS) conducted in 14 counties of Kenya as part of the AgResults Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project. The RRHS aimed to understand the proportion of smallholder farmers living in those 14 counties where the project worked and to estimate the number of on-farm storage devices purchased by those farmers.

pdf Evaluator Lessons Learned #2: Pull Mechanisms for Overcoming Market Failures in the Agriculture Sector Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 941 downloads

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Evaluator Lessons Learned 2_Pull Mechanisms for Overcoming Market Failures in the Agriculture Sector.pdf

Evaluator Lessons Learned #2: Pull Mechanisms for Overcoming Market Failures in the Agriculture Sector

Pull mechanisms require a solid understanding of the market and the motivations of the private sector. This November 2017 brief, with examples from AgResults’ work in Kenya, provides guidance for development practitioners interested in incorporating pull mechanisms in their own work.

pdf Evaluation Baseline Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 606 downloads

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Baseline Report AgResults Kenya 2015 04 20.pdf

Evaluation Baseline Report: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

This report presents baseline findings for the Kenya On Farm Storage Challenge Project based on survey data from 4,765 farming households and extensive qualitative data. It describes low uptake of improved on-farm storage at baseline but identifies latent demand in the market. The report also describes farmers’ maize revenue and food security.

pdf Evaluation Design: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project Popular

In Learning Library Tagged in Evaluator, Kenya Storage 512 downloads

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Evaluation Design AgResults Kenya 2014 06 27.pdf

Evaluation Design: Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project

The Kenya On-Farm Storage Challenge Project’s evaluation design report lays out the approach to assess whether the project stimulates a smallholder-inclusive market for improved on-farm storage devices. Evaluators assess impact on the market using a structure-conduct-performance framework. To evaluate resulting smallholder benefits, the report describes a short interrupted time series design.